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Journal Articles

The following are peer-reviewed publications by PEPReC investigators:


Li Y, Legler A, Tenso K, Garrido M, Pizer S. Impact of Medical Training Programs on Time-to-Fill Physician Vacancies at the Veterans Health Administration. Med Care. 2024 Jan 5. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001970. PMID: 38180002 Online ahead of print.


Edwards ST, O'Neill A, Niederhausen M, Salvi A, Laliberte A. Saha S, Hynes DM, Pizer SD, Kinosian B. Trajectories of care and outcomes of Veterans receiving home-based primary care. J Am Geriatr Soc.2023 Sep 29. doi: 10.1111/jgs.18607. PMID: 37772617.

Feyman Y, Figueroa S, Yuan Y, Price M, Kabdiyeva A, Nebeker J, Ward M, Shafer P, Pizer S, and Strombotne K. Effect of Mental Health Staffing Inputs on Suicide-Related Events. Health Serv Res. 2023 Apr; 58(2):375-382. DOI: 10.1111/1475-6773.14064. PMID: 36089760.

Feyman Y, Avila CJ, Auty S, Mulugeta M, Strombotne K, Legler A, and Griffith K. Racial and ethnic disparities in excess mortality among U.S. veterans during the COVID-19 pandemic. Health Serv Res. 2023 Jun 1;58(3):642-653. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.14112. PMID: 36478574.

Feyman Y, Dorneo A, Pizer SD, and Yee C. Benefit Value and Reliance on Veteran Health Administration Coverage (July 7, 2023). Available at SSRN: or Pre-publication.

Figueroa JF, Dai D, Feyman Y, Garrido MM, Tsai TC, Orav EJ, Frakt AB. Use of High-Risk Medications Among Older Adults Enrolled in Medicare Advantage Plans vs Traditional Medicare. JAMA Netw Open. 2023 Jun 1;6(6):e2320583. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.20583. PMID: 37368399.

Finkelstein EA, Chodavadia PA, Strombotne K. A systematic review of the economic value proposition for commercially available nonsurgical weight-loss interventions. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2023 Jul; 31(7):1725-1733. PMID: 37231621.

Garrido MM, Legler A, Strombotne K, PhD, Frakt AB. Differences in adverse outcomes across race and ethnicity among Veterans with similar predicted risks of an overdose or suicide-related event. Pain Med. 2023 Sep 21:pnad129. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnad129. PMID: 37738604. Online ahead of print.

Jiang J, Kim N, Garrido MM, Jacobson M, Mockler D, May P. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of palliative care in natural experiments: a systematic review.; 2023 Jan 17: doi: 10.1136/spcare-2022-003993.

Landes SJ, Abraham TH, Wood JA, Curtis ND, Lauver M, Manchester C, Garrido MM, Porter S, Hughes G, Reger MA. Qualitative evaluation of a caring letters suicide prevention intervention for the Veterans Crisis Line. Psychiatr Serv. 2023 May 24; appips20220632. PMID: 37221888.

Li Y, Barr KD, Trafton JA, Oliva EM, Garrido MM, Frakt AB, Strombotne KL. Impact of Mandated Case Review Policy on Opioid Discontinuation and Mortality Among High-Risk Long-Term Opioid Therapy Patients: The STORM Stepped-Wedge Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. Substance Abuse. 2023 Oct 13.;0(0). doi:10.1177/08897077231198299. PMID: 37830514.

Ma Y, Frakt AB, Roberts ET, Johnston KJ, Phelan J, Figueroa JF. Rapid Enrollment Growth In 'Look-Alike' Dual-Eligible Special Needs Plans: A Threat To Integrated Care. Health Aff (Millwood). 2023 Jul; 42(7):919-927. PMID: 37406231.

Mather H, Kleijwegt H, Bollens-Lund E, Liu B, Garrido MM, Kelley A, Leff B, Ritchie C, Ornstein K. The heterogeneity of the homebound: A latent class analysis of a nationally representative sample of homebound older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2023 Jul;71(7):2163-2171. doi: 10.1111/jgs.18295. PMID: 36876755.

Palani S, Garrido MM, Tenso K, Pizer S. Community care emergency room use and specialty care leakage from Veterans Health Administration hospitals. Academic Emergency Medicine; 2023 Jan 19: doi: 10.1111/acem.14667.

Palani S, Avila C, Strombotne K, Pizer S, Frakt A, Garrido MM. A benchmarking approach for characterizing providers’ patterns of treating patients with substance use disorder. Healthcare Analytics; 2023 Jan 06 (3:100134); doi:10.1016/

Palani S, Saeed I, Legler A, Sadej I, MacDonald C, Kirsh SR, Pizer SD, Shafer PR. Effect of a National VHA Medical Scribe Pilot on Provider Productivity, Wait Times, and Patient Satisfaction in Cardiology and Orthopedics. J Gen Intern Med. 2023 Jun; 38(Suppl 3):878-886. PMID: 37340268.

Price ME, Gordon S, Emmitt C, Ndugga N, Kabdiyeva A, Mull H, Pizer S, Garrido MM. Growth of community-based immunotherapy treatment in the Veterans Health Administration. Cancer Med. 2023 Sep; 12(17):18110-18119. PMID: 37519258.

Richerson JT, Wagner TH, Abrams T, Skelton K, Biswas K, Illarmo S, McSherry F, Fallon MT, Frakt A, Pizer S, Magruder KM, Groer S, Dorn PA, Huang GD, Stock EM. Therapeutic and Economic Benefits of Service Dogs Versus Emotional Support Dogs for Veterans With PTSD. Psychiatr Serv. 2023 Jan 31; appips20220138. PMID: 36718602.

Strombotne KL, Lum J, Pizer SD, Figueroa S, Frakt AB, Conlin PR. Clinical effectiveness and cost-impact after 2 years of a ketogenic diet and virtual coaching intervention for patients with diabetes. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2023 Dec 11.doi: 10.1111/dom.15401. PMID: 3808249. Online ahead of print.

Tenso K, Strombotne KL, Feyman Y, Auty SG, Legler A, Griffith KN.  Excess Mortality at Veterans Health Administration Facilities During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Med Care. 2023 Jul 1;61(7):456-461. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001866. PMID: 37219062.

Tenso K, Pizer S, Palani S. Delivery System Emergency Department Capacity and its Effect on Non-system Service Utilization. Acad Emerg Med. 2023 Feb 16. PMID: 36797812


Auty SG, Barr KD, Frakt AB, Garrido MM, Strombotne KL. Effect of a Veterans Health Administration mandate to case review patients with opioid prescriptions on mortality among patients with opioid use disorder. Addiction. 2022 Dec 10; doi: 10.1111/add.16110.

Braganza MZ, Pearson E, Avila CJ, Zlowe D, Øvretveit J, Kilbourne AM. Aligning quality improvement efforts and policy goals in a national integrated health system. Health Serv Res 2022 Jun;57 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):9-19. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13944. Epub 2022 Mar 4.

Feyman Y, Auty SG, Tenso K, Strombotne KL, Legler A, Griffith KN. County-Level Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Excess Mortality Among U.S. Veterans: A Population-Based Study. Lancet Reg Health Am. 2022 Jan;5:100093. doi: 10.1016/j.lana.2021.100093

Feyman Y, Asfaw DA, Griffith KN
. Geographic variation in appointment wait times for U.S. military veterans. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 Aug 1;5(8):e2228783. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.28783. PMID: 36006640

Frakt AB, Peek ME. Editor's Desk: Taking action to address structural racism at Health Services Research. Health Serv Res. 2022 02; 57(1):5-6. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13923.

Garrido MM, Pearson Sites E, Avila CJ, Pizer S. Grading evidence to support legislative and budget proposals – VHA’s key to implementing the Evidence Act, Value in Health (Nov 2022), doi: PMID: 36332893.

Griffith KN, Schwartzman DA, Pizer SD, Bor J, Kolachalama VB, Jack B, Garrido MM. Local Supply Of Postdischarge Care Options Tied To Hospital Readmission Rates. Health Aff (Millwood). 2022 Jul; 41(7):1036-1044. PMID: 35787076

Griffith KN, Asfaw DA, Childers RG, Wilper AP. Changes in US Veterans' Access to Specialty Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic. JAMA Network Open. 2022 Sept 20. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.32515

Kilbourne AM, Garrido MM, Brown A. Translating Research into Policy and Action. Health Serv Res. 2022 Jun;57 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):5-8. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13980. 

Minegishi T, Young GJ, Madison KM, Pizer SD. Regional Economic Conditions and Preventable Hospitalization Among Older Patients With Diabetes. Med Care. 2022 March 01; 60(3):212-218. PMID: 35157621.

Minegishi T, Garrido MM, Lewis ET, Oliva EM, Pizer SD, Strombotne KL, Trafton JA, Tenso K, Sohoni, PS. Randomized policy evaluation of the Veterans Health Administration Stratification Tool for Opioid Risk Mitigation (STORM). 2022 Jun 17. doi: 10.1007/s11606-022-07622-1.

Mull HJ, Kabdiyeva A,
Ndugga N, Gordon SH, Garrido MM, Pizer SD. What is the role of selection bias in quality comparisons between VA and community care? Example of elective hernia surgery. Health Services Research. 2022; doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.14113.

Ornstein KA, Liu SH, Husain M, Ankuda CK, Bollens-Lund E, Kelley AS, Garrido MM. Prospective assessment of dementia on transitions in homeboundness using multistate Markov models. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2022 Apr;70(4):1117-1126. doi:
10.1111/jgs.17631.PMID: 34951008.

Pearson, E, Kirsh, S, Pizer, SDModeling underservedness: An evidence-based approach to managing access to care. Health Serv Res. 2022 Mar 3; 1- 6. doi:10.1111/1475-6773.13906.

Reckrey JM, Leff B, Kumar RG, Yee C, Garrido MM, Ornstein KA. Home, but Not Homebound: A Prospective Analysis of Persons Living With Dementia. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2022 Jan 19. PMID: 35063398.

Reger MA, Lauver MG, Manchester C, Abraham TH, Landes SJ, Garrido MM, Griffin C, Woods JA, Strombotne KL, Hughes G. Development of the Veterans Crisis Line Caring Letters Suicide Prevention Intervention. Health Serv Res. 2022 Jun; 57 Suppl 1:42-52. PMID: 35403233.

Saenger P, Ornstein KA, Garrido MM, Lubetsky S, Bollens-Lund E, DeCherrie LV, Leff B, Siu AL, Federman AD. Lower cost of Hospitalization at Home inclusive of a 30-day post-acute period compared to inpatient hospitalization. J Am Geriatr Soc.2022 May;70(5):1374-1383. doi: 10.1111/jgs.17706. 

Shafer PR
Expanded unemployment benefits and their implications for health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Health Serv Res. 2022 Feb;57(1):12-14. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13881.

Strombotne KL, Legler A, Minegishi T, Trafton JA, Oliva EM, Lewis ET, Sohoni P, Garrido, MM, Pizer SD, Frakt AB. Effect of a predictive analytics-targeted program in patients on opioids: a stepped-wedge cluster randomized controlled trial. 2022 May 2;1-7. doi: 10.1007/s11606-022-07617-y.

Yee CA, Feyman Y, Pizer SD
. Dually-enrolled patients choose providers with lower wait times: Budgetary implications for the VHA. Health Serv Res. 2022 Mar 30. PMID: 35355261.

Yee CA, Barr K, Minegishi T, Frakt AB, Pizer SD. Provider Supply and Access to Primary Care. Health Econ 2022 Jul;31(7):1296-1316. doi: 10.1002/hec.4482.

Yuan Y
, Thomas KS, Van Houtven CH, Price ME, Pizer SD, Frakt AB, Garrido MM. Fewer potentially avoidable health care events in rural veterans with self-directed care versus other personal care servicesJ Am Geriatr Soc. 2022 Jan 13. doi: 10.1111/jgs.17656. 

Yuan Y, Price M
, Schmidt DF, Ward M, Nebeker J, Pizer S. Integrated Health Record Viewers and Reduction in Duplicate Medical Imaging: Retrospective Observational Analysis. JMIR Med Inform. 2022 May 20; 10(5):e32168. PMID: 35594070.


Allen H, Gordon SH, Lee D, Bhanja A, Sommers BD. Comparison of Utilization, Costs, and Quality of Medicaid vs Subsidized Private Health Insurance for Low-Income Adults. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 01 04; 4(1):e2032669. PMID: 33399859.

Auty SG, Griffith KN. Medicaid Expansion Increased Appointment Wait Times in Maine and Virginia. J Gen Intern Med. 2021 Aug 12. doi: 10.1007/s11606-021-07086-9. Online ahead of print.

Bindman AB, Frakt A. From the Editors' desk: Publishing in HSR. Health Serv Res. 2021 Apr; 56(2):173-174. PMID: 33730764; PMCID: PMC7969200; DOI: 10.1111/1475-6773.13638.

Bindman AB, Frakt A, Tachibana C. From the Editors' Desk. Health Serv Res. 2021 Jun; 56(3):345. PMID: 34029394; PMCID: PMC8143681; DOI: 10.1111/1475-6773.13665.

Chen S, Shafer PR, Dusetzina SB, Horný M. Annual Out-Of-Pocket Spending Clusters Within Short Time Intervals: Implications For Health Care Affordability. Health Aff (Millwood). 2021 Feb; 40(2):274-280. PMID: 33523742.

Ellison J, Griffith KN, Thursby M, Slusky D, Bor JH. The impact of driving time to family planning facilities on preventive service use in Ohio. Am J Prev Med. 2021 Apr;60(4):542-545. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2020.11.009.

Feyman Y, Pizer SD, Frakt AB. The Persistence of Medicare Advantage Spillovers in the Post-Affordable Care Act Era. Health Econ. Feb 2021. 30: 311-327. PMID: 33219715.

Feyman Y, Legler A, Griffith KN
. Appointment wait time data for primary & specialty care in Veterans health administration facilities vs. community medical centers. Data in Brief, Vol. 36, June 2021.

Frakt AB. Editor's Desk: Increasing impact. Health Serv Res. 2021 12; 56(6):1085-1086. PMID: 34766337; PMCID: PMC8586468; DOI: 10.1111/1475-6773.13893

Frakt AB. Editor's desk: Improving author experience. Health Serv Res. 2021 10; 56(5):745-746. PMID: 34661909; PMCID: PMC8522560; DOI: 10.1111/1475-6773.13856

Gadbois EA, Gordon SH, Shield RR, Vivier PM, Trivedi AN. Quality Management Strategies in Medicaid Managed Care: Perspectives From Medicaid, Plans, and Providers. Med Care Res Rev. 2021 02; 78(1):36-47. PMID: 30947600; DOI: 10.1177/107755871984115.

Garrido MM, Lum J, Pizer SD. Vector-based kernel weighting: A simple estimator for improving precision and bias of average treatment effects in multiple treatment settings. Stat Med. 2021 Feb 28. PMID: 33327037.

Gordon SH
, Declercq E, Garrido MMThe association between continuity of marketplace coverage during pregnancy and receipt of prenatal care. Health Aff (Millwood). 2021 Oct;40(10):1618-1626. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2021.00581.

Griffith KN, Feyman Y, Auty SG, Crable EL, & Levengood TW. Implications of county-level variation in U.S. opioid distribution. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 Feb 1;219:108501. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108501.

Griffith KN & Feyman Y. Amplifying the noise: The dangers of post-hoc power analysesJ Surg Res. 2021 Mar;259:A9-A11. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2019.09.075.

Hwang U, Dresden S, Vargas-Torres C, Kang R, Garrido MM, Loo G, Sze J, Cruz D, Richardson L, Adams J, Aldeen A, Baumlin K, Courtney D, Gravenor S, Grudzen C, Nimo G, Zhu C, GEDIWISE investigators. Association of a geriatric emergency department innovation program with cost outcomes among Medicare beneficiaries. JAMA Network Open. 2021; 4(3): e2037334.

Kyle, MA, Frakt, AB. Patient administrative burden in the US health care system. Health Serv Res. 2021 Sept 8; 1- 11.

Lin MY, Hanchate AD, Frakt AB, Burgess JF, Carey K. Do accountable care organizations differ according to physician-hospital integration? A retrospective observational study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2021 Mar 26; 100(12):e25231. PMID: 33761713.

Mull HJ,
Rosen AK, Charns MP, Itani KMF, Rivard PE. Identifying Risks and Opportunities in Outpatient Surgical Patient Safety: A Qualitative Analysis of Veterans Health Administration Staff Perceptions. J Patient Saf. 2021 Apr 01; 17(3):e177-e185. PMID: 29112029.

O’Hanlon CE, Giannitrapani KF, Lindvall C, Gamboa RZ, Canning M, Asch SM, Garrido MM, ImPACS Patient and Caregiver Panel, Walling AM, Lorenz K. Patient and caregiver prioritization of palliative and end-of-life cancer care quality measures. J Gen Intern Med 2021 Aug 17. doi: 10.1007/s11606-021-07041-8. PMID: 34405352.

O'Hanlon CE, Lindvall C, Giannitrapani KF, Garrido M, Ritchie C, Asch S, Gamboa RC, Canning M, Lorenz KA, Walling AM. Expert Stakeholder Prioritization of Process Quality Measures to Achieve Patient- and Family-Centered Palliative and End-of-Life Cancer Care. J Palliat Med. 2021 Sep; 24(9):1321-1333. PMID: 33605800.

O’Hanlon CE, Lindvall C, Lorenz KA, Giannitrapani KF, Garrido MM, Asch SM, Wenger N, Malin J, Dy SM, Canning M, Gamboa RC, Walling AM. Measure scan and synthesis of palliative and end-of-life process quality measures for advanced cancer. JCO Oncology Practice. 2021; 17(2): e140-e148.

Ornstein KA, Liu SH, Husain M, Ankuda CK, Bollens-Lund E, Kelley AS, Garrido MM. Prospective assessment of dementia on transitions in homeboundness using multistate Markov models. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2021 Dec 23. PMID: 34951008. doi: 10.1111/jgs.17631. Online ahead of print.

Shafer PR, Hoagland A, Hsu HE. Trends in Well-Child Visits With Out-of-Pocket Costs in the US Before and After the Affordable Care Act. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Mar 01; 4(3):e211248. PMID: 33710285.

Shafer PR, Garrido MM, Pearson E, Palani S, Woodruff A, Lyn AM, Williams KM, Kirsh SR, Pizer SD. Design and implementation of a cluster randomized trial measuring benefits of medical scribes in the VA. Contemp Clin Trials. 2021 Jul;106:106455. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2021.106455. Epub 2021 May 25.

Strombotne K, Buckell J, Sindelar JL. Do JUUL and e-cigarette flavours change risk perceptions of adolescents? Evidence from a national survey. Tobacco Control. 2021 Mar;30(2):199-205. DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2019-055394.

Strombotne KL, Lum J, Ndugga NJ, Utech AE, Pizer SD, Frakt AB, Conlin PR. Effectiveness of a ketogenic diet and virtual coaching intervention for patients with diabetes: a difference-in-differences analysis. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2021 Aug 05. PMID: 34351035.

Yan LD, Ali MK, Strombotne KL. Impact of Expanded Medicaid Eligibility on the Diabetes Continuum of Care Among Low-Income Adults: A Difference-in-Differences Analysis. Am J Prev Med. 2021 02; 60(2):189-197. PMID: 33191065.


Burke LG, Frakt AB. Considering differential trends in opioid-related harm. Addiction. 2020 Feb 11. PMID: 32045046.

Burke LG, Zhou X, Boyle KL, Orav EJ, Bernson D, Hood ME, Land T, Bharel M, Frakt AB. Trends in opioid use disorder and overdose among opioid-naive individuals receiving an opioid prescription in Massachusetts from 2011 to 2014. Addiction. 2020 Mar; 115(3):493-504. PMID: 31691390.

Chernew ME, Conway PH, Frakt AB. Transforming Medicare's Payment Systems: Progress Shaped By The ACA. Health Aff (Millwood). 2020 Mar; 39(3):413-420. PMID: 32119623.

Dresden SM, Hwang U, Garrido MM, Sze J, Kang R, Vargas-Torres C, Courtney DM, Loo G, Rosenberg M, Richardson L. Geriatric Emergency Department Innovations: The impact of transitional care nurses on 30-day readmissions for older adults. Acad Emerg Med. 2020 Jan;27(1):43-53. doi: 10.1111/acem.13880.

Ellison J, Shafer P, Cole MB. Racial/Ethnic And Income-Based Disparities In Health Savings Account Participation Among Privately Insured Adults. Health Aff (Millwood). 2020 Nov; 39(11):1917-1925. PMID: 33136490.

Feyman Y, Bor JH, Raifman JG, & Griffith KN. Effectiveness of COVID-19 shelter-in-place orders varied by state. PLoS One. 2020 Dec 31;15(12):e0245008. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0245008.

Figueroa JF, Wadhera RK, Frakt AB, Fonarow GC, Heidenreich PA, Xu H, Lytle B, DeVore AD, Matsouaka R, Yancy CW, Bhatt DL, Joynt Maddox KE. Quality of Care and Outcomes Among Medicare Advantage vs Fee-for-Service Medicare Patients Hospitalized With Heart Failure. JAMA Cardiol. 2020 Sep 02. PMID: 32876650.

Frakt AB, Oberlander J. Challenges To Medicare For All Remain Daunting. Health Aff (Millwood). 2020 Jan; 39(1):142-145. PMID: 31905071.

Frakt AB, Jha AK, Glied S. Pivoting from decomposing correlates to developing solutions: An evidence-based agenda to address drivers of health. Health Serv Res. 2020 Aug 10. PMID: 32776528.

Griffith K, Ndugga N, Pizer SD. Appointment Wait Times for Specialty Care in Veterans Health Administration Facilities vs Community Medical Centers. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014313.

Huberfeld N, Gordon SH, Jones DK. Federalism Complicates the Response to the COVID-19 Health and Economic Crisis: What Can Be Done? J Health Polit Policy Law. 2020 12 01; 45(6):951-965. PMID: 32464666.

Johnson G, Frakt AB. Hospital markets in the United States, 2007-2017. Healthc (Amst). 2020 Sep;8(3):100445.

Miller CJ, Griffith KN, Stolzmann K, Kim Bo, & Bauer MS. An economic analysis of the implementation of team-based collaborative care in outpatient general mental health clinics. Med Care. 2020 Oct;58(10):874-880. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001372.

Minegishi T, Madison K, Young J, Pizer SD. Regional Market Factors and Patient Experience in Primary Care. Am J Manag Care. 2020;26(10):294-299.

Minegishi T, Garrido MM, Michael Stein M, Oliva E, PhD; Frakt AB. Opioid Discontinuation Among Patients Receiving High-Dose Long-Term Opioid Therapy in the Veterans Health Administration. J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Dec;35(Suppl 3):903-909. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06252-9. Epub 2020 Nov 3. PMID: 33145683.

Mull HJ, Shin MH, Engle RL, Linsky AM, Kalver E, Lamkin R, Sullivan JL. Veterans Perceptions of Satisfaction and Convenience with Anticoagulants for Atrial Fibrillation: Warfarin versus Direct Oral Anticoagulants. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2020 Oct 13;14:1911-1922. doi: 10.2147/PPA.S279621.

Nikpay S, Pungarcher I, Frakt AB. An Economic Perspective on the Affordable Care Act: Expectations and Reality. J Health Polit Policy Law. 202 Aug 1; 45 (5): 889–904.

O’Hanlon CE, Lindvall C, Lorenz KA, Giannitrapani KF, Garrido MM, Asch SM, Wenger N, Malin J, Dy SM, Canning M, Gamboa RC, Walling AM. Measure scan and synthesis of palliative and end-of-life process quality measures for advanced cancer. JCO Oncology Practice. 2020 Aug 6;OP2000240.doi: 10.1200/OP.20.00240.

Ornstein KA, Garrido MM, Bollens-Lund E, Reckrey J, Husain M, Ferreira K, Liu SH, Ankuda CK, Kelley AS, Siu AL. The association between income and incident homebound status among older Medicare beneficiaries. AGS 00:1-8, 2020. DOI: 10.1111/jgs.16715 

Price ME
, Done N, Pizer SD. The Relationship Between Follow-up Appointments and Access to Primary Care. J Gen Intern Med (2020).

Shafer PR and Ndugga N. Fighting the Institutionalization of Racism in Medicaid. Am. J. Public Health. 2020 Dec;110(12):1790-1791. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2020.305946. Epub 2020 Oct 15. PMID: 33058697.

Shafer, P, Frakt AB.To Truly Build the Affordable Care Act into Universal Coverage, More Creativity Is Needed. JAMA. 2020 Nov 17;324(19):1931-1932. doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.21609. PMID: 33201194.

Swaminathan S, Ndumele CD, Gordon SH, Lee Y, Trivedi AN. Association of Medicaid-Focused or Commercial Medicaid Managed Care Plan Type With Outpatient and Acute Care. JAMA Intern Med. 2020 Dec 01; 180(12):1672-1679. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.5408; PMID: 33074283.

Woodrell CD, Goldstein NE, Moreno JR, Schiano TD, Schwartz ME, Garrido MM. Inpatient palliative care is delivered late in the course of hepatocellular carcinoma and is associated with lower hazard of hospital readmission. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2020 Oct 6;S0885-3924(20)30790-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.09.040. PMID: 33035651.

Yee CA, Pizer SP, Frakt AB. Medicare’s Bundled Payment Initiatives for Hospital-Initiated Episodes: Evidence and Evolution. Milbank Q. 2020 Sep;98(3):908-974. doi: 10.1111/1468-0009.12465.

Yee CA, Legler A,
Davies M, Prentice J, Pizer S. Priority access to health care: Evidence from an exogenous policy shock. Health Economics. 2020; 1– 18.


Adelberg M, Frakt AB, Polsky D, Strollo M. Improving Provider Directory Accuracy: Can Machine Readable Directories Help? Am J Manag Care. May 2019;25(5);241-245.

Burke LG, Khullar D, Zheng J, Frakt AB, Orav EJ, Jha AK. Comparison of Costs of Care for Medicare Patients Hospitalized in Teaching and Nonteaching Hospitals. JAMA Netw Open. 2019 Jun 05; 2(6):e195229

Carpenter J, Ersek M, Nelson F, Kinder D, Wachterman M, Smith D, Murray A, Garrido MM. A National Study of End-of-Life Care Among Older Veterans with Hearing and Vision Loss. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2019 Dec 30. doi: 10.1111/jgs.16298.

Dasinger E, Branch-Elliman W, Pizer SD, Abdulkerim H, Rosen A, Charns M, Hawn M, Itani K, Mull HJ. Association Between Postoperative Opioid Use and Outpatient Surgical Adverse Events. Am J Surg. 2019 Apr;217(4):605-612. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2018.12.068.

Branch-Elliman W, Pizer SD, Dasinger EA, Gold HS, Abdulkerim H, Rosen AK, Charns MP, Hawn MT, Itani KF, Mull HJ. Facility Type and Surgical Specialty Are Associated with Suboptimal Surgical Antimicrobial Prophylaxis Practice Patterns: A Multi-center, Retrospective Cohort Study. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control: 8:49. doi: 10.1186/s13756-019-0503-9. e-Collection, March 2019.

Done N, Roy AM, Yuan Y, Rose A, Pizer SD, Prentice JC. Guideline-Concordant Initiation of Oral Anticoagulant Therapy for Stroke Prevention in Older Veterans with Atrial Fibrillation Eligible for Medicare Part D. Health Serv Res. 2019 Feb;54(1):128-138. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13079.

Feyman Y, Figueroa JF, Polsky DE, Adelberg M, Frakt AB. Primary Care Physician Networks in Medicare Advantage. Health Affairs 38(4):437-544, April 2019.

Figueroa JF, Blumenthal DM, Feyman Y, Frakt AB, Turchin A, Doros G, Gao Q, Song Y, Joynt Maddox KE. Differences in Management of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Medicare Advantage vs Traditional Fee-for-Service Medicare Among Cardiology Practices. JAMA Cardiol. 2019 Mar 1;4(3):265-271. doi: 10.1001/jamacardio.2019.0007.

Frakt AB. Making Health Care More Productive. JAMA. 2019 Dec 17; 322(23):2274-2275. PMID: 31846006.

Frakt AB,
Mehrotra A. What Type of Price Transparency Do We Need in Health Care? Ann Intern Med. 2019;170(8):561-562.

Frakt ABThe Rural Hospital Problem. JAMA. 2019 Jun 18; 321(23):2271-2272. PMID: 31211334.

Garrido MM, Pizer SD. Improving Veterans’ Access to Care through Research Operations Partnerships. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, VHA HSR&D, VA Forum, Summer 2019.

Khullar D, Frakt AB, Burke LG. Advancing the Academic Medical Center Value Debate: Are Teaching Hospitals Worth It? JAMA. 2019 Jul 16; 322(3):205-206. PMID: 31206128.

Kilbourne AM, Braganza MZ, Bowersox NW, Goodrich DE, Miake-Lye I, Floyd N, Garrido M, Frakt AB, Bever CT, Vega R, Ramoni R. Research Lifecycle to Increase the Substantial Real-World Impact of Research: Accelerating Innovations to Application. Med Care. 2019 Oct;57 Suppl 10 Suppl 3:S206-S212

Legler A, Price M, Parikh M, Nebeker JR, Ward MC, Wedemeyer, L, Pizer SD. Effect on VA Patient Satisfaction of Provider’s Use of an Integrated Viewer of Multiple Electronic Health Records. J Gen Intern Med. 2019 Jan;34(1):132-136. doi: 10.1007/s11606-018-4708-z.

Mattocks K, Cunningham K, Elwy AR, Finley EP, Greenstone C, Mengeling MA, Pizer SD, Vanneman ME, Weiner M, Bastian LA. Recommendations for the Evaluation of Cross-System Care Coordination from the VA State-of-the-Art Working Group on VA/Non-VA Care. J Gen Intern Med. 2019 May;34(Suppl 1):18-23.

May P, Garrido MM, Del Fabbro E, Noreika D, Normand C, Skoro N, Cassel JB. Evaluating Hospital Readmissions for Persons With Serious and Complex Illness: A Competing Risks Approach. Med Care Res Rev. 2019 Jan 18; 1077558718823919. PMID: 30658539.

Minegishi T, Frakt AB, Garrido MM, Gellad WF, Hausmann LRM, Lewis ET, Pizer SD, Trafton JA, Oliva EM. Randomized Program Evaluation of the VHA Stratification Tool for Opioid Risk Mitigation (STORM): A Research and Clinical Operations Partnership to Examine Effectiveness. Subst Abus. 2019 Jan 8:1-6. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2018.1540376.

Mull HJ, Rosen AK, Charns MP, O'Brien WJ, Hawn MT, Itani KMF, Pizer SD. Emergency Department Use After Outpatient Surgery Among Dually Enrolled VA and Medicare Patients. Quality Management in Health Care: October/December 2019 - Volume 28 - Issue 4 - p 191-199 doi: 10.1097/QMH.0000000000000225

Ornstein KA, Garrido MM, Siu AL, Bollens-Lund E, Rahman OK, Kelley AS. An Examination of Downstream Effects of Bereavement on Healthcare Utilization for Surviving Spouses in a National Sample of Older Adults. Pharmacoeconomics. 2019 Apr; 37(4):585-596. PMID: 30864065.

Pearson E, Frakt AB. Medical Scribes, Productivity, and Satisfaction. JAMA. 19;321(7):635-636, February 2019.

Pizer SD, Frakt AB, Sheetz K, Clancy C. Testing Novel Payment and Delivery Approaches through the Veterans Health Administration’s New Center for Innovation. Ann Intern Med. 2019 Jan 15;170(2):112-113. doi: 10.7326/M18-2225.

Siu AL, Zimbroff RM, Federman AD, DeCherrie LV, Garrido MM, Morano B, Lubetsky S, Catalan E, Leff BDoes Adapting Hospital at Home to Facilitate Implementation and Sustainment Result in Program Drift or Voltage Drop? BMC Health Serv Res. 2019 Apr 29; 19(1): 264.

Yuan Y, Thomas KS, Frakt AB, Pizer SD, Garrido MM. Users Of Veteran-Directed Care And Other Purchased Care Have Similar Hospital Use And Costs Over Time. Health Aff (Millwood). 2019 Jun; 38(6):1037-1045.


Arcaya MC, Schnake-Mahl A, Binet A, Simpson S., Church MS, Gavin V, Coleman B, Levine S, Nielsen A., Carroll L, Ursprung S, Wood B, Reeves H, Keppard B, Sportiche N, Partirdge J, Figueora J, Frakt AB...Tremayne Y. Community change and resident needs: Designing a Participatory Action Research study in Metropolitan Boston. Health & Place. 2018 Jul;52:221-230. doi: 0.1016/j.healthplace.2018.05.014.

Bao Y, Maciejewski RC, Garrido MM, Shah MA, Maciejewski PK, Prigerson HG. Chemotherapy use, End-of-life Care, and Costs of Care among Patients Diagnosed with Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2018 Apr;55(4):1113-1121.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2017.12.335.

Brennan N, Ornstein C, Frakt AB. Time to Release Medicare Advantage Claims Data. JAMA. 2018 Mar 13; 319(10):975-976. PMID: 29459940.

Burke L, Khullar D, Orav JE, Zheng J, Frakt AB, Jha AK. Do Academic Medical Centers Disproportionately Benefit the Sickest Patients? Health Affairs. 2018 Jun; 37(6):864-872.

Chernew ME, Frakt AB. The Inevitable Math Behind Entitlement Reform. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jul 19;379(3):211-213. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp1801807.

Done N, Roy AM, Yuan Y, Pizer SD, Rose AJ, Prentice JC. Guideline-concordant initiation of oral anticoagulant therapy for stroke prevention in older veterans with atrial fibrillation eligible for Medicare Part D. Health Serv Res. 2018 Nov 11. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13079. PMID: 30417341.

Frakt AB, Chernew ME. The Importance of Relative Prices in Health Care Spending. JAMA. 2018 Feb 06; 319(5):441-442. doi: 10.1001/jama.2017.20047. PMID: 29302693

Frakt AB, Jha AK. Face the Facts: We Need to Change the Way We Do Pay for Performance. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Feb 20; 168(4):291-292. PMID: 29181535

Frakt AB. How the Economy Affects Health. JAMA. 2018 Mar 27; 319(12):1187-1188. PMID: 29584830.

Frakt AB, Garthwaite C. The CVS-Aetna Merger: Another Large Bet on the Changing U.S. Health Care Landscape. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Apr 03; 168(7):511-512. PMID: 29310130.

Frakt A, Miller M. The Case for Restructuring the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit. Health Serv Res. 2018 Aug 1. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13019.

Frakt AB, Carroll AE, Pollack HA, Humphreys K. The Rewards and Challenges of Writing for a Mass Media Audience. Health Serv Res. 2018 Oct;53(5):3278-3284. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12858. PMID: 29722010.

Frakt AB, Prentice JC, Pizer SD, Elwy AR, Garrido MM, Kilbourne AM, Atkins D. Overcoming Challenges to Evidence‐Based Policy Development in a Large, Integrated Delivery System. Health Serv Res. 2018 Dec;53(6):4789-4807. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12986.

Garrido MM. Robust Evaluations of Intensive Care Unit Length of Stay Using Observational Data [Letter to the Editor]. J Palliat Med. 2018 Mar; 21(3): 280. doi: 10.1089/jpm.2017.0574.

Garrido MM, Frakt AB. Improving adherence to high-value medications through prescription cost-sharing policies. BMJ Qual Saf. 2018 Apr 19. PMID: 29674484

Hanchate A, Frakt AB, Kressin NR, Trivedi A, Linsky A, Abdulkerim H, Stolzmann KL, Mohr DC, Pizer SD. External Determinants of Veterans’ Utilization of VA Health Care. Health Serv Res. 2018 Dec;53(6):4224-4247. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13011.

Hwang U, Dresden SM, Rosenberg MS, Garrido MM, Loo G, Sze J, Gravenor S, Courtney DM, Kang R, Zhu CW, Vargas-Torres C, Grudzen CR, Richardson LD. GEDI WISE Investigators. Geriatric Emergency Department Innovations: Transitional Care Nurses and Hospital Use. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018 Mar;66(3):459-466. doi: 10.1111/jgs.15235.

Lyon ZM, Feyman Y, Johnson GM, Frakt AB. Quality of Provider-Offered Medicare Advantage Plans. BMJ Qual Saf. 2018 Mar;27(3):247-250. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2017-006882.

May P, Garrido MM, Del Fabbro E, Noreika D, Normand C, Skoro N, Cassel B. Does modality matter? Palliative care units associated with more cost-avoidance than consultations. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2018 Mar; 55(3): 766-774. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2017.08.011.

Minegishi T, Frakt A. Reducing Long-term Opioid Use in the Veterans Health Administration. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 Jun; 33(6):781-782. PMID: 29450685.

Minegishi T, Garrido M, Pizer SD, Frakt AB. The Effectiveness of Policy and Risk Targeting for Opioid-Related Risk Mitigation: A Randomized Program Evaluation with Stepped-Wedge Design, BMJ Open. 2018 Jun 27; 8(6):e020097.

Mull HJ, Itani KMF, Charns MP, Pizer SD, Rivard PE, Hawn MT, Rosen AK. The Nature and Severity of Adverse Events in Select Outpatient Surgical Procedures in the Veterans Health Administration. Qual Manag Health Care. 2018 Jul/Sep; 27(3):136-144. doi: 10.1097/QMH.0000000000000177.

Mull HJ, Itani KMF, Pizer SD, Charns MP, Rivard PE, McIntosh N, Hawn MT, Rosen AK. Development of an Adverse Event Surveillance Model for Outpatient Surgery in the Veterans Health Administration. Health Serv Res. 2018 Aug 27. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13037.

Mull HJ, Rosen AK, O’Brien WJ, McIntosh N, Legler A, Hawn MT, Itani KMF, Pizer SD. Factors Associated with Hospital Admission after Outpatient Surgery in the Veterans Health Administration. Health Serv Res. 2018 Jan 23. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12826.

Ornstein KA, Garrido MM, Siu AL, Bollens-Lund E, Langa KM, Kelley AS. Impact of In-Hospital Death on Spending for Bereaved Spouses. Health Serv Res. 2018 Aug; 53(S1): 2696-2717.  doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12841.

Pizer SD, Frakt AB, Sheetz K, Clancy C. Testing Novel Payment and Delivery Approaches Through the Veterans Health Administration's New Center for Innovation. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Dec 25. doi: 10.7326/M18-2225.


Burke LG, Frakt AB, Khullar D, Orav EJ, Jha AK. Association Between Teaching Status and Mortality in US Hospitals. JAMA. 2017 May 23;317(20):2105-2113. doi: 0.1001/jama.2017.5702.

Carroll AE, Frakt, AB. Children's health must remain a focus in the recovery from Hurricane Harvey. JAMA: Pediatrics. 2017 Nov 1;171(11):1029-1030.  

Edwards ST, Saha S, Prentice JC, Pizer SDPreventing Hospitalization with Veterans Affairs Home-Based Primary Care: Which Individuals Benefit Most? J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Aug 65(8):1676-1683. doi: 10.1111/jgs.14843. Epub  

Figueroa JF, Frakt AB, Lyon Z, Zhou X, Jha AK. Characteristics and Spending Patterns of High Cost, Non-Elderly Adults in Massachusetts. Healthcare: 2017 Dec: 5(4): 165-170.

Frakt AB, Bagley N. Why It's So Hard for Insurers to Compete Over Technology. JAMA. 2017 Aug 22; 318(8):687-688. PMID: 28829860.

Frakt AB, Trafton J, Pizer, SD. The Association of Mental Health Program Characteristics and Patient Satisfaction. Am J Manag Care. 2017 May 1;23(5):e129-e137

Garrido MM. Robust Evaluations of Intensive Care Unit Length of Stay Using Observational Data [Letter to the Editor]. Journal of Palliative Medicine. 2017 Nov. 3.doi: 10.1089/jpm.2017.0574. [Epub ahead of print].

Garrido MM, Allman RM, Pizer SD, Rudolph JL, Thomas KS, Sperber NR, van Houtven CH, Frakt AB. Innovation in a learning health care system: Veteran Directed Home and Community Based Services [Special Article]. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2017 Aug 21. doi: 10.1111/jgs.15053.

Johnson GL, Lyon, ZM, and Frakt, AB. Provider-Offered Medicare Advantage Plans: Recent Growth And Care Quality. Health Aff 2017 Mar 36(3): 539-547. doi 10.1377/hlthaff.2016.0722.

May P, Garrido MM, Aldridge MD, Cassel JB, Kelley AS, Meier DE, Normand C, Penrod JD, Smith TJ, Morrison RS. Prospective cohort study of hospitalized adults with advanced cancer: Associations between complications, comorbidity and utilization. J Hosp Med. 2017 June;12(6):407-413.

May P, Garrido MM, Cassel JB, Kelley A, Meier D, Normand C, Smith T, Morrison RS. Cost analysis of a prospective multi-site cohort study of palliative care consultation teams for adults with advanced cancer: where do cost-savings come from? Palliat Med. 2017 Apr;31(4): 378-386. doi:10.1177/0269216317690098.

May P, Garrido MM, Del Fabbro E, Noreika D, Normand C, Skoro N, Cassel B. Does modality matter? Palliative care units associated with more cost-avoidance than consultations. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2017; 018; 55(3): 766-774. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2017.08.011.

McIntyre A, Bagley N, Frakt AB, Carroll AE. The Dubious Empirical and Legal Foundations of Workplace Wellness Programs. Health Matrix: Journal of Law-Medicine, 2017: Vol. 27, Iss. 1.

Mull HJ, Rivard PE, Legler A, Pizer SD, Hawn MT, Itani KM, Rosen AK. Comparing definitions of outpatient surgery: Implications for quality measurement.  Am J Surg. 2017 Aug;214(2):186-192. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2017.01.021. Epub 2017 Feb 14.

Ornstein KA, Penrod JD, Schnur JB, Smith CB, Teresi JA, Garrido MM, McKendrick K, Siu A, Meier D,  Morrison RS. The use of a brief 5-item measure of family satisfaction as a critical quality indicator in advanced cancer care: A multisite comparison. J Palliat Med 2017 Feb 10; doi: 10.1089/jpm.2016.0442.

Penrod JD, Garrido MM, McKendrick K, May P, Aldridge MD, Meier DE, Ornstein KA, Morrison RS. Characteristics of hospitalized cancer patients referred for inpatient palliative care consultation. J Palliat Med 2017 Jun 19 doi:10.1089/jpm.2017.0111.

Pizer, SD, Davies, ML, and Prentice JC. Consult Coordination Affects Patient Experience. America Journal of Accountable Care 2017 Mar 10;5(1):23-28.

Sacks NC, Cabral HJ, Pizer SD, and Burgess JF. Myopic and Forward Looking Behavior in Branded Oral Anti-Diabetic Medication Consumption: An Example from Medicare Part D. Health Econ. 2017 Jun;26(6):753-764. doi: 10.1002/hec.3355.


Frakt AB, Pizer SDThe promise and perils of big data in health care. American Journal of Managed Care 2016; 22(2):98-99.

Frakt AB. We Can’t All Have It All: The Economic Limits of Pharmaceutical Innovation. JAMA Forum 2016; 315(18):1936-1937.

Frakt AB. The Cost of Medicare Advantage. JAMA Forum 2016; 315(22):2387-2388.

Frakt AB, Pizer SD. A Research Agenda to Support VA’s Transformation. FORUM, VA Office of Research & Development, Health Services Research & Development Service 2016.

Frakt AB. Determining Value and Price in Health Care. JAMA Forum 2016; 316(10):1033-1034.

Garrido MM. Research enhances and informs gerontology and geriatrics education and practice [Foreword]. Gerontology and Geriatrics Education 2016; 37(1): 1-3.

Garrido MM, Dowd BE, Hebert PL, Maciejewski ML. Understanding treatment effect terminology in pain and symptom management research. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management 2016; doi:  10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2016.01.016.

Garrido MM, Prigerson HG, Bao Y, Maciejewski P. Chemotherapy use in the months before death and estimated costs of care in the last week of life. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management 2016; 51(5): 875-881.

Garrido MM. Covariate adjustment and propensity score [Letter to Editor]. JAMA 2016; 315(14): 1521-1522.

Garrido MM, Prigerson HG, Neupane S, Penrod JD, Johnson CE, Boockvar KS. Mental Illness and Mental Healthcare Receipt among Hospitalized Veterans with Serious Physical Illnesses. J Palliat Med. 2016 Nov 11. [Epub ahead of print]

May P, Garrido MM, Cassel JB, Kelley AS, Meier DE, Normand C, Stefanis L, Smith TJ, Morrison RS. Prospective cohort study of hospital palliative care teams for inpatients with advanced cancer: Cost-saving is larger for patients with higher numbers of comorbidities. Health Affairs 2016; 35(1): 44-53.

May P, Garrido MM, Normand C, Cassel JB, Morrison RS. Using length of stay to control for unobserved heterogeneity when estimating treatment effect on hospital costs with observational data: issues of reliability, robustness and usefulness. Health Services Research 2016; 10.1111/1475-6773.12460.

Mull HJ, Rosen AK, Pizer SD, Itani KF. What is the Relationship Between Postoperative Admission and Ambulatory Surgical Center Care Following Hernia Surgery? A matched case control study in the Veterans Health Administration. JAMA Surgery 2016; doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.3113.

Ornstein KA, Aldridge MD, Garrido MM, Gorges R, Bollens-Lund E, Siu AL, Langa KM, Kelley AS. The use of life-sustaining procedures in the last month of life is associated with more depressive symptoms in surviving spouses. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2017; 53(2): 178-187.

Pizer SD.  Falsification Testing of Instrumental Variables Methods for Comparative Effectiveness Research. Health Services Research 2016; 51(2), 790-811.

Prentice JC, Frakt AB, Pizer SD. Metrics that Matter. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2016; 31(Supplement 1):70-73.

Prentice JC, Pizer SD, Conlin PR. Identifying the Independent Effect of A1c Variability on Adverse Health Outcomes. Diabetic Medicine 2016; doi: 10.1111/dme.13166.

Sachs RE, Frakt AB.  Innovation–Innovation Tradeoffs in Drug Pricing. Ann Intern Med 2016; doi: 10.7326/M16-2167

Wagner TH, Burstin H, Frakt AB, Krein SL, Lorenz K, Maciejewski ML, Pizer SD, Weiner M, Yoon J, Zulman DM, Asch SM. Opportunities to Enhance Value-Related Research in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.  Journal of General Internal Medicine 2016; 31(Supplement 1):78-83.


Frakt AB. Hospital Consolidation Isn’t the Key to Lowering Costs and Raising Quality. JAMA Forum 2015; 313(4):345-345.

Frakt AB.  An Observational Study Goes Where Randomized Clinical Trials Have Not. JAMA Forum 2015; 313(11):1091-1092.

Frakt A, Bagley N.  Protection or Harm? Suppressing Substance-Use Data. New England Journal of Medicine 2015; 372(20):1879-1881.

Frakt A, Trafton J, Pizer SMaintenance of Access as Demand for Substance Use Disorder Treatment Grows. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 2015; 55:58-63.

Frakt AB. Learning About Competition From the UK’s National Health Service. JAMA Forum 2015 314(6):547-548.

Frakt AB, Hanchate A, Pizer SD. The effect of Medicaid expansions on demand for care from the Veterans Health Administration. Healthcare 2015; 3(3):123–128.

Kressin NR, Lasser KE, Allison J, Ash A, Paasche-Orlow M, Shanahan C, Adams B, Legler A, Pizer SD. Clinical Operations Variables are Associated with Blood Pressure Outcomes. Medical Care 2015; 53(6), 480-484.

Garrido MM, Balboni TA, Maciejewski PK, Bao Y, Prigerson HG. Quality of life and cost of care at the end of life: The role of advance directives. Journal of Pain & Symptom Management 2015; 49(5): 828-835.

Higgins PC, Garrido MM, Prigerson HG. Factors predicting bereaved caregiver perception of quality of care in the final week of life: Implications for healthcare providers. Journal of Palliative Medicine 2015; 18(10): 849-857.

May P, Garrido MM, Cassel JB, Kelley A, Meier DE, Normand C, Smith TJ, Stefanis L, Morrison RS. Prospective cohort study of hospital palliative care teams for inpatients with advanced cancer: Earlier consultation is associated with larger cost-saving effect. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2015; 33(25): 2745-52.

Nathaniel JD, Garrido MM, Chai EJ, Goldberg G, Goldstein NE. Cost-savings associated with an inpatient palliative care unit: Results from the first two years. Journal of Pain & Symptom Management 2015; 50(2): 147-54.

Ornstein KA, Aldridge MD, Garrido M, Gorges R, Meier DE, Kelley AS. The association between hospice use and depressive symptoms in surviving spouses. JAMA Internal Medicine 2015; 175(7): 1138-46.

Prentice JC, Conlin PR, Gellad WF, Edelman D, Lee TA, Pizer SD.  Long Term Outcomes of Analogue Insulin Compared to NPH for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.  American Journal of Managed Care 2015; 21(3):e235-e243. PMID: 26014311.

Prigerson HG, Bao Y, Shah MA, Paulk ME, LeBlanc TW, Schneider BJ, Garrido MM, Reid MC, Berlin DA, Neugut AI, Adelson KB, Maciejewski PK. Chemotherapy use, performance status, and quality of life near death. JAMA Oncology 2015; 1(6): 778-784.

Sacks NC, Burgess JF, Cabral HJ, McDonnell ME, Pizer SDThe Effects of Cost Sharing on Adherence to Medications Prescribed for Concurrent Use: Do Definitions Matter?  Journal of Managed Care and Specialty Pharmacy 2015; 21(8): 678-687.

Yee C, Pizer S, and Fomenko O.  Why Surgery Rates Vary. Cambridge Massachusetts: Workers Compensation Research Institute 2015.


Edwards SE, Prentice JC, Simon SR, Pizer SD. Home-Based Primary Care and Risk of Ambulatory Care Sensitive Hospitalization in Older Veterans with Diabetes.  JAMA Internal Medicine 2014; 174(11):1796-1803. PMID: 25221986.

Frakt AB. The End of Hospital Cost Shifting and the Quest for Hospital Productivity. Health Services Research 2014; 49(1):1-10.

Frakt AB. Improving Health Through Coverage Expansion. Annals of Internal Medicine 2014; 160(9):649-650.

Frakt AB. High-tech Care Can Save Lives—But It Also May Create Incentives That Result in Lives Lost. Journal of the American Medical Association 2014; 312(20):2081-2082.

McWilliams JM, Dalton JB, Landrum MB, Frakt AB, Pizer SD, Keating KL. Geographic Variation in Cancer-Related Imaging: Veterans Affairs Health Care System Versus Medicare. Annals of Internal Medicine 2014; 161(11):794-802.

Park T, Bohnert A, Austin K, Saitz R, Pizer S. Regional Variation in Benzodiazepine Prescribing Among Opioid Agonist Therapy Patients. Psychiatric Services 2014; 65(1).

Prentice JC, Conlin PR, Gellad WF, Edelman D, Lee TA, Pizer SD. Capitalizing on Prescribing Pattern Variation to Compare Medications for Type 2 Diabetes. Value in Health 2014; 17(8):854-862. PMID: 25498781.

Prentice JC, Davies ML, Pizer SDWhich Outpatient Wait Time Measures are Related to Patient Satisfaction?  American Journal of Medical Quality 2014; 29(3):227-235. PMID: 23939488.


Carroll AE, Frakt AB. Medicaid Expansion: Good for Children, their Parents, and Providers. JAMA Pediatrics 2013; 167(6):511-512.

Carroll AE, Frakt ABNew Evidence Supports, Challenges, and Informs the Ambitions of Health Reform. JAMA Forum 2013; 309(24):2600-2601.

Frakt AB, Carroll AE.  The Quality Imperative: What We Already Know Could Save the US Health System. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2013; 44(1):S22-S26.

Frakt AB, Carroll AE.  Sound Policy Trumps Politics: States Should Expand Medicaid.  Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 2013; 38(1):165-178.

Frakt AB, Trafton J, Wallace A, Neuman M, Pizer SDDirected Funding to Address Under-Provision of Treatment for Substance Use Disorders. Implementation Science 2013; 8:79.

Frakt AB, Pizer SD, Feldman R.  Plan-Provider Integration, Premiums, and Quality in the Medicare Advantage Market.  Health Services Research 2013; 48(6, Part 1):1996-2003.

Prentice JC, Davies ML, Pizer SD.  Using Health Outcomes to Validate Access Quality Measures.  American Journal of Managed Care 2013; 19(11):e367-e377. PMID: 24511995.

Sacks NC, Burgess JF, Cabral HJ, Pizer SD, and McDonnel ME. Cost Sharing and Decreased Branded Oral Anti-Diabetic Medication Adherence Among Elderly Part D Medicare Beneficiaries. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2013; 28(7): 876-885.2012.


Aaron HJ, Frakt ABWhy Now Is Not the Time for Premium Support. New England Journal of Medicine, 2012; 366: 877-879.

Frakt AB, Pizer SD, Feldman R. The Effects of Market Structure and Payment Rates on Private Medicare Health Plan Entry. Inquiry 2012; 49(1): 15-36.

Frakt AB, Mayes R. Beyond Capitation: How New Payment Experiments Seek to Find The ‘Sweet Spot’ in Amount of Risk Providers and Payers Bear. Health Affairs 2012; 31(9).

Frakt AB, Pizer SD,Feldman R. Should Medicare Adopt the Veterans Health Administration Formulary? Health Economics 2012;21(5):485-95.

Prentice JC, Fincke BG, Miller DR, Pizer SD. Primary Care and Health Outcomes among Older Patients with Diabetes. Health Services Research 2012; 47(1): 46-67.


Prentice JC, Fincke BG, Miller DR, Pizer SDOutpatient Waiting Times and Diabetes Care Quality Improvement. American Journal of Managed Care 17(2) (February 2011): e43-e54.

Prentice JC, Pizer SD, Houranieh A. Changing Source of Prescription Fills and Medication Gaps. American Journal of Pharmacy Benefits 2011; 3(2): e14-e23.

Frakt AB, Carroll AE, Pollack HA, Reinhardt U. Our Flawed but Beneficial Medicaid Program. New England Journal of Medicine 2011: e31(1)-e31(2).

Frakt AB. Does Health Care Cost Shifting Exist? A Review of the Evidence. Milbank Quarterly 2011; 89(1).

Pizer SD, Gardner JA. Is Fragmented Financing Bad for Your Health? Inquiry 2011; 48: 109-112.

Iezzoni LI, Pizer SD, Frakt ABUninsured Persons with Disability Confront Substantial Barriers to Health Care Services. Disabil Health J.  2011 Oct;4(4):238-44. doi: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2011.06.001

Pizer SD, Prentice JC. Time is Money: Outpatient Waiting Times and Health Insurance Choices of Elderly Veterans in the United States. Journal of Health Economics 2011; 30(4):626-636.


Hendricks A, Frakt AB, Gardner J, Gilden D, Prentice J, Wolfsfeld L, Pizer SD. What Can Medicaid Data Add to Research on VA Patients? Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development 2010;47(8).

Frakt AB, Pizer SD. Beneficiary Price Sensitivity in the Medicare Prescription Drug Plan Market. Health Economics 19(1) (January 2010).


Pizer SD, Frakt AB, Iezzoni LI. Uninsured Adults With Chronic Conditions Or Disabilities: Gaps In Public Insurance Programs. Health Affairs Web Exclusive, October 20, 2009.

Frakt AF, Pizer SD, Feldman R. Payment Reduction and Medicare Private Fee-for-Service Plans. Health Care Financing Review Spring 2009; 30(3).

Pizer SD, Frakt AB, Feldman R. Nothing for Something? Estimating cost and value for beneficiaries from recent Medicare spending increases on HMO payments and drug benefits. International Journal of Healthcare Finance and Economics Mar 2009; 9(1): 59-81.

Pizer SD. An Intuitive Review of Methods for Observational Studies of Comparative Effectiveness. Health Services and Outcomes Research Methodology 2009; 9(1):54-68.

Frakt AB, Pizer SD. Beneficiary Price Sensitivity in the Medicare Prescription Drug Plan. Health Economics 2009.


Frakt AB, Pizer SD, Hendricks AM. Controlling Prescription Drug Costs: Regulation and the Role of Interest Groups in Medicare and the Veterans Health Administration. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 2008; 33(6).

Prentice J, Pizer SD. Waiting Times and Hospitalizations for Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions. Health Services and Outcomes Research Methodology 2008; 8(1): 1-18.

Frakt A, Pizer SD. Attribute Substitution in Early Enrollment Decisions into Medicare Prescription Drug Plans. Health Economics April 2008; 17(4).

Pizer S, Frakt A, Feldman R. Predicting risk selection following major changes in Medicare. Health Economics April 2008; 17(4).


Prentice J, Pizer SD. Delayed Access to Health Care and Mortality. Health Services Research 2007; 42(2): 644-62.


Frakt A, Pizer SD. Market Watch: A First Look At The New Medicare Prescription Drug Plans. Health Affairs Web Exclusive, May 23, 2006.


Pizer SD. Fee-for-service Medicare in a Competitive Market Environment. Health Care Financing Review 2005-2006; 27(2): 113-27.

Pizer S, Frakt A, Feldman R. Defective Design: Regional Competition in Medicare. Health Affairs Web Exclusive, August 23, 2005.

Frakt AB, Pizer SD, Schmitz R, Mattke S. Voluntary partial capitation: The Community Nursing Organization Medicare demonstration. Health Care Financing Review 2005; 26(4): 21-37.

Frakt AB, Pizer SD, Wrobel MV. High risk pools for uninsurable individuals: Recent growth, future prospects. Health Care Financing Review 2004-2005; 26(2): 73-87.